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كيمياء فيزيائية Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors

الموضوع في 'قسم الكيمياء' بواسطة chemistry, بتاريخ ‏مايو 13, 2011.

  1. chemistry

    chemistry مستشار كلية العلوم النهرالخالد إداري

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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors
    by
    Johann Peter Reithmaier, Perica Paunovic, Wilhelm Kulisch, Cyril Popov, Plamen Petkov


    [​IMG]

    Publisher
    Springer; 1st Edition. edition
    (April 25, 2011)
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 9400709021
    ISBN-13: 978-9400709027


    Description
    Bringing together experts from 15 countries, this book is based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on SNanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors held in Sozopol, Bulgaria, 30 May - 11 June, 2010. It gives a broad overview on this topic, and includes articles on: techniques for preparation and characterization of sensor materials; different types of nanoscaled materials for sensor applications, addressing both their structure (nanoparticles, nanocomposites, nanostructured films, etc.) and chemical nature (carbon-based, oxides, glasses, etc.); and on advanced sensors that exploit nanoscience and nanotechnology. In addition, the volume represents an interdisciplinary approach with authors coming from diverse fields such as physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and biology. A particular strength of the book is its combination of longer papers, introducing the basic knowledge on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting special types of sensors and sensor materials.


    Contents
    Contributors
    Part I: Sensors and Nanotechnology
    Chapter 1: Nanotechnology-Based Modern Sensors and Biosensors
    Introduction
    Sensors: Definitions, Principles and Properties
    Human Senses
    Sensors: Definition
    Transduction Principles
    Sensor Characteristics
    Biosensors
    Definitions
    Sensing Principles
    Recognition Elements and the Immobilization of Biomaterials
    Requirements
    Fields of Applications
    Use of Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
    Label-free Optical Biosensors
    Evanescent Fields
    Surface Plasmon Resonance
    Further Types of Optical Biosensors
    Electrochemical Biosensors
    Types of Electrochemical Biosensors
    Electrochemical Detection of DNA Hybridization
    Lab-on-a-Chip
    Integration and Miniaturization
    Microfluidics
    Summary
    References
    Part II: Techniques for the Preparation of Sensor Materials
    Chapter 2: Nonlinear Optical Sensors on Metal Nanoparticles Synthesized by Ion Implantation
    Introduction
    Experimental Procedure
    Fabrication of Metal Nanoparticles by Ion Implantation
    Nonlinear Refraction of Metal Nanoparticles
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 3: Laser Ablative Deposition of Polymer Films: A Promise for Sensor Fabrication
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Conclusions
    IR Laser Irradiation of PVC
    IR Laser Irradiation of P(VC/VAc)
    IR Laser Irradiation of PVAc
    IR Laser Irradiation of PVAc/Metal Composites
    References
    Chapter 4: Fabrication of Porous and Dense Ceramics from Transitional Nano-Alumina
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 5: Modification of Nanosilica Surface by Methyl Methacrylate Silane Coupling Agents
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    References
    Chapter 6: Microstructures Produced by Chemical Etching of Finely Scratched Silicon
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 7: Multilayer Films and Capsules of Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose and Polyhexamethylenguanidine Hydrochloride
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    References
    Chapter 8: Preparation and Characterization of TiO2-Based Photocatalysts by Chemical Vapour Deposition
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussions
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 9: Porous Mullite Ceramics for Advanced Sensors
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Part III: Techniques for the Characterization of Sensor Materials
    Chapter 10: Surface Analytical Characterization of Biosensor Materials
    Introduction
    Surface Analysis
    XPS
    TOF-SIMS
    XPS and TOF-SIMS: Synergetic Effects
    Example 1: Ta2O5 Films for Waveguides in Biosensors
    Example 2: TiO2 Films for Applications in Biosensors
    Example 3: Tic/A-C Nanocomposite Films for Biomedical Applications
    Measurement Induced Artefacts
    Preferential Sputtering
    Sputter Induced Damage
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 11: Nanovoids in Glasses and Polymers Probed by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Preparation of As2S3-Based Glasses
    Polymer Preparation
    As2S3-Polymer Nanocomposite Preparation
    PALS Measurements
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 12: Detection of Structural Units of Nanocrystalline Diamond Surfaces Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering
    Introduction
    Raman Spectroscopy of NCD
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Summary
    References
    Part IV: Sensor Materials
    Part IV.1: Carbon-Based Materials
    Chapter 13: Production, Purification, Characterization, and Application of CNTs
    Introduction
    Carbon
    Graphite
    Diamond
    Fullerenes
    Carbon Nanotubes
    Structure of CNTs
    Properties of CNTs
    Production Methods of CNTs
    Arc Discharge
    Laser Ablation
    Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
    Molten Salt Electrolysis
    The Mechanisms of CNTs Formation by Molten Salt Electrolysis
    Oxidation Mechanism
    Intercalation Mechanism
    Nano-Nozzle Mechanism
    Kaptay Mechanism
    Purification and Functionalization of CNTs
    Application of CNTs
    Production of CNTs by Electrolysis in Molten LiCl
    SEM and TEM Analyses
    Thermogravimetric Analysis
    Raman Spectroscopy
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 14: Graphene: 2D-Building Block for Functional Nanocomposites
    Introduction
    Synthesis of Graphene
    Liquid-Phase Production of Graphene
    Approaches for the Preparation of Graphene-Polymer Composites
    Graphene-Polyaniline Composites
    Summary and Outlook
    References
    Chapter 15: PCL/MWCNT Nanocomposites as Nanosensors
    Introduction
    Experiment
    Results
    Conclusions
    References
    Part IV.2: Oxide Materials
    Chapter 16: Nanostructured ZnO Thin Films: Properties and Applications
    Introduction
    ZnO as a Transparent Conductive Material
    ZnO for Gas Sensor Application
    ZnO for Bio-Applications
    References
    Chapter 17: A Study of the Kinetics of the Electrochemical Deposition of Ce3+/Ce4+ Oxides
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Oxygen Reduction
    Ce2O3 Deposition in Aerated Solutions
    Ce Electrodeposition from Inert Solutions
    Conclusions
    References
    Part IV.3: Chalcogenide Glasses
    Chapter 18: Multicomponent Chalcogenide Glasses: Advanced Membrane Materials for Chemical Sensors and Nanosensors
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Synthesis of Multicomponent ChGs
    Chemical Sensor Design
    Results and Discussions
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 19: Optical Properties of Thin Ge-Se-In Chalcogenide Films for Sensor Applications
    Introduction
    Experiment
    Sample Preparation
    Properties Examination
    Results
    Bulk Glasses Behavior
    Characterisation of the Condensates
    Kinetics of Evaporation and Condensation
    Optical Parameters of the Films
    Discussion
    References
    Chapter 20: Atomic Structure of (Ge0.2Se0.8)85B15 and (Ge0.2Se0.8)85In15 Glasses
    Introduction
    Experimental Details
    Results and Discussion
    Summary
    References
    Chapter 21: Surface Development of (As2S3)1-x (AgI)x Thin Films for Gas Sensor Applications
    Introduction
    Experimental Details
    Results
    Surface Morphology and Microhardness
    Stress
    Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 22: Thin As-Se-Sb Films as Potential Medium for Optics and Sensor Application
    Introduction
    Experimental Details
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 23: Structure of AgI-AsSe Glasses by Raman Scattering and Ab Initio Calculations
    Introduction
    Methods
    Experimental Details
    First Principles Calculation Details
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 24: Optical Properties of As-Based Chalcogenide Glasses
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Summary
    References
    Chapter 25: IR Impurity Absorption in GeS2-In2S3-AgI Chalcohalide Glasses
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 26: New Chalcohalide Glasses from the GeSe2-Ag2Se-AgI System for Nanostructured Sensors
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussions
    Conclusion
    References
    Part IV.4: Further Glasses
    Chapter 27: Thermally Induced Nanostructures in Samarium-Doped Glass Ceramics for X-Ray Sensor Applications
    Introduction
    Experimental Procedure
    Results and Discussion
    Summary and Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 28: Synthesis and Phase Composition of Fe/Mn Containing Nanocrystals in Glasses from the System Na2O/MnO/SiO2/Fe2O3
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Preparation of the Glasses
    Characterization Methods
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Part IV.5: Nanoparticles and Other Nanostructures
    Chapter 29: Nanostructured Materials in Different Dimensions for Sensing Applications
    Introduction
    Experimental Procedures and Tools
    Traditional Surface Studies
    Electrochemical Processing
    Impregnation Reactions to Form SiC
    Experimental Procedures and Results
    Ultra Thin Film Studies with Si Substrates
    Layered Oxide/Nitride Structures on Si
    Reaction Between Al and a Thin SiO2 Layer to Form Al-Oxide on Si
    Growth of SiC on Si and Structural Changes by Oxidation and Heating Treatments
    Nanostructured SiC Structures, Whiskers
    Porous Alumina Films as Templates for Self-Organizing Au Nanoparticle Patterns
    Summary and Outlook
    References
    Chapter 30: Field Enhancement in Plasmonic Gold Nanostructures on Templates of Anodized Aluminum for Sensor Applications
    Introduction
    Fabrication of Al/Al2O3 Templates
    Characterization of Various Gold Nanostructured Samples
    References
    Chapter 31: Growth of SiC Nano-Whiskers on Powdered SiC
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 32: Tin Oxide Whiskers: Antimony Effect on Structure, Electrophysical, Optical and Sensor Properties
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Properties of Whiskers Grown in Ar Atmosphere
    Properties of Whiskers Grown in a Mixture of Ar and O2
    Properties of Whiskers Doped with Antimony
    Morphology
    Composition
    Structure
    Electrical Properties
    Optical Measurements
    Gas Sensor Measurements
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 33: Excimer Laser Preparation of SnO2 and SnO2/TiO2 Nanoparticles
    Introduction
    Experimental Part
    Results and Discussion
    Characterization of the Tin Dioxide Nanoparticles
    Characterization of the Non-Stoichiometric Tin Oxides
    Characterization of TiO2-Doped SnO2
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 34: Polymer Choleristic Liquid Crystal Flakes as New Candidates for Display and Sensor Applications
    Introduction
    Materials and Experimental
    Shaped PCLC Flakes
    Electro-Optical PCLC Devices
    Results and Discussions
    References
    Chapter 35: Properties of Vanadium Bronzes Synthesized by Different Methods
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Part V: Sensors and Biosensors
    Part V.1: Optical Sensors
    Chapter 36: Semiconductor Lasers for Sensor Applications
    Introduction and Brief Historical Synopsis
    Fabrication of Semiconductor Lasers
    Epitaxial Growth
    Processing of Diode Lasers
    Quantum Wells and Quantum Dots
    Semiconductor Lasers for Sensor Applications
    Diode Lasers for Gas Sensing
    Generation and Amplification of THz Radiation by Diode Lasers
    LIDAR
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 37: Optical Characterization of Very Thin Films for Nanotechnological Basis of Sensors
    Introduction
    Model and Computational Procedures
    Results and Discussion
    Derivative Approach
    Stochastic Approach
    Direct Search Method
    Conclusions
    References
    Part V.2: Gas Sensors
    Chapter 38: Tellurium Thin Films in Sensor Technology
    Introduction
    Structure and Electronic States of Tellurium
    Photoelectrical and Strain Sensitive Devices
    Gas Sensitive Devices
    NO2 Sensors
    Effect of Substrate Microstructure and Film Thickness
    Effect of Substrate Temperature and Annealing
    Effect of Operating Temperature and Humidity
    Cross-Sensitivity to Other Gases
    NH3 Sensors
    H2S Sensors
    Sensing Other Gases
    Sensing Mechanisms
    Nitrogen Dioxide
    Ammonia
    Hydrogen Sulfide
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 39: Yttrium Nanoparticle Hydrogen Gas Sensors
    Introduction
    Experimental Procedure
    Fabrication of Yttrium Nanoparticles
    Fabrication of Hydrogenated Yttrium Nanoparticles
    References
    Chapter 40: Conductive Gas Sensors Prepared Using PLD
    Introduction
    Laser Technology for Thin Film Synthesis
    Conduction Type Gas Sensors
    Principle
    Experimental Results Using Laser Methods
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 41: Electrochemical Sensors for the Detection of Hydrogen Prepared by PLD and Sol-Gel Chemistry
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Synthesis of SnO2 Films
    Synthesis of NiO Films
    Characterization and Sensing Studies
    Results and Discussion
    SnO2 Films
    Structural and Morphological Properties
    Hydrogen Sensing
    NiO Films
    Structural and Morphological Properties
    Hydrogen Sensing
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 42: Acetone Sensing by Modified SnO2 Nanocrystalline Sensor Materials
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Material Synthesis
    XRD
    TEM
    Effective Surface Area Measurements
    In-Situ Conductivity Measurements
    Investigation of the Products of the Interaction between Sensor Materials and Acetone
    Results and Discussion
    XRD
    Transition Electron Microscopy
    Sensor Property Measurements
    Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Study
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 43: Gas Sensor Based on Chalcohalide AgI-Containing Glasses
    Introduction
    Experimental Details
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 44: Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene on Modified TiO2 Nanoparticles
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Materials
    Characterization
    Reactions
    Results and Discussion
    Characterisation
    Photocatalytic Performance
    References
    Chapter 45: Impedance Spectroscopy of Tellurium Thin Films Sensitive to NO2
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Impedance Behavior Under Dry Air
    Impedance Behavior in a Mixture of Dry Air with NO2
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 46: Piezoelectric Crystal Sensor for Ammonia Detection
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusion
    References
    Part V.3: Biosensors
    Chapter 47: Nanocrystalline Diamond Films for Biosensor Applications
    Diamond is an Outstanding Material!
    Synthesis of Diamond and Deposition of Diamond Films
    Bulk and Surface Properties of As-Grown UNCD/A-C Films
    Surface Modification and Functionalization of UNCD/A-C Films
    Interactions with Proteins
    Sensors Based on NCD and UNCD Films
    Summary
    References
    Chapter 48: Surface Functionalization of Plasma Treated Ultrananocrystalline Diamond/Amorphous Carbon Composite Films
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Deposition and Modification of UNCD/a-C Films
    Characterization Methods
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 49: Electrochemical Response of Biomolecules on Carbon Substrates: Comparison between Oxidized HOPG and O-Terminated Boron-Doped CVD Diamond
    Introduction
    Experimental and Methods
    Results and Discussion
    Electrode Preparation and Initial Characterization
    Electrochemical Oxidation of HOPG
    Oxygen-Termination of Diamond and XPS Analysis
    Adsorption of Proteins on Carbon Electrodes
    Electrochemical Characterization of HOPG and Diamond Electrodes
    Initial Oxidized Electrodes
    Ferrocene-Modified Papain on HOPG and Diamond
    Azurin on HOPG and Diamond
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 50: Impact of Nanotopography and/or Functional Groups on Periodontal Ligament Cell Growth
    Introduction
    Experimental Section
    NWPF Discs
    Cold Plasma Treatment Using Vacuum Environment
    Characterization Studies
    PDL Cell Culture
    Results and Discussion
    Plasma Treatment
    PDL Cell Cultivation
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 51: Effect of ZnO Nanostructured Thin Films on Pseudomonas Putida Cell Division
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Preparation of ZnO Nanostructured Thin Films
    Toxicity Test With Bacteria
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 52: Comparison of Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Anatase Prepared by the Sol-Gel Technique and Chemical Vapour Deposition on Naphthalene in the Gas Phase
    Introduction
    Experimental
    Results and Discussions
    Conclusions
    References
    Part V.4: Special Sensors
    Chapter 53: Nanocomposite Sensors for Food Packaging
    Introduction
    iPP/CaCO3 Nanocomposites for Food Packaging
    PCL/ SiO2 Nanocomposites for Food Packaging
    References
    Chapter 54: Nanotechnologies and Nanosensors: Future Applications for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage
    Introduction
    Sensors and Nanosensors for Cultural Heritage
    Nanomaterials for Stone Conservation
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 55: Towards In Situ-Process Control in Tribological or Tool Applications: A Material Concept for the Design of Smart Thin Film Wear Sensors
    Introduction
    Cemented Carbides
    Cemented Carbide Based Tool Systems
    Protective Coatings for Cemented Carbide Inserts
    Tools with Integrated Sensors Based on Micro System Technology
    Tough Protective Coatings with Intrinsic Remote Requested Sensor Functionality
    Specific Material Selection and Innovative Coating Design
    Experimental Details
    Constitution
    Mechanical Properties
    Magnetic Properties
    Summary
    Outlook
    References
    Part V.5: Actuators
    Chapter 56: Recent Developments and Challenges in Shape Memory Technology
    Introduction
    Medical Applications
    Actuator Developments
    Conclusions
    References
    Chapter 57: Micromachined Tunable Fabry-Pérot Filter Integrated into a Miniaturized Spectrometer for Low-Cost Applications
    Introduction
    Results
    Outlook
    References
    Part VI: Energy Economy Aspects
    Chapter 58: Hydrogen Economy: The Role of Nano-scaled Support Material for Electrocatalysts Aimed for Water Electrolysis
    Introduction
    Electrocatalytic Activity of Electrode Materials
    Catalytic Activity of Transition Metals for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
    The Pathways for Improvement of the Electrocatalytic Activity
    The Role of Support Material on Catalytic Activity
    Vulcan XC-72
    Carbon Nanotubes
    Non-stoichiometric Oxides of Titania
    Conclusion
    References
    Chapter 59: Materials for Photovoltaic Applications
    Introduction
    Solar Spectrum
    Materials for Solar Cell Applications
    Potential of Solar Cells and Modules
    References
    Index


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  2. albertnammas

    albertnammas مشرف بالجامعة / درّة كتاب العرب إداري

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    اعانك الله اخي الحبيب على هذا المجهود الجبار
    بميزان حسناتك انشاء الله
    كل الاحترام لشخصكم الطيب نهرنا الخالد

     
  3. chemistry

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    جزيت خيرا اخونا النهر الخالد............احسن الله اليكم...........لكن الروابط غير فعالة​
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    mann1 رجل المواقف إداري

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