Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water: Solutions for Improving Water Quality

الموضوع في 'النانوتكنولوجي و المواد النانوية' بواسطة chemistry, بتاريخ ‏يوليو 11, 2010.

  1. chemistry

    chemistry مستشار كلية العلوم النهرالخالد إداري

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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water: Solutions for Improving Water Quality
    (Micro and Nano Technologies)
    By
    Mamadou Diallo, Jeremiah Duncan, Nora Savage, Anita Street, Richard Sustich


    Publisher
    William Andrew
    •Number Of Pages: 700
    •Publication Date: 2009-01-13
    •ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0815515782
    •ISBN-13 / EAN: 9780815515784


    Product Description
    The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses - and potentially resolved - using nanotechnology.
    Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.
    Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications.
    Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book.
    Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal

    Contents
    Contributors .......................................................................... xi
    Foreword: The Potential of Nanotechnology for Clean Water
    Resources ............................................................................... xxiii
    Mihail C. Roco
    Series Editor’s Preface ........................................................... xxv
    Preface ................................................................................... xxvii
    Acknowledgments .................................................................. xxix
    Introduction: Water Purifi cation in the Twenty-First
    Century—Challenges and Opportunities ............................... xxxi
    Richard C. Sustich, Mark Shannon, and Brian Pianfetti
    Part 1 Drinking Water ........................................................ 1
    1 Nanometallic Particles for Oligodynamic Microbial Disinfection ... 3
    Gordon Nangmenyi and James Economy
    2 Nanostructured Visible-Light Photocatalysts for
    Water Purification ......................................................................... 17
    Qi Li, Pinggui Wu, and Jian Ku Shang
    3 Nanostructured Titanium Oxide Film- and Membrane-Based
    Photocatalysis for Water Treatment .............................................. 39
    Hyeok Choi, Souhail R. Al-Abed, and Dionysios D. Dionysiou
    4 Nanotechnology-Based Membranes for Water Purification ............ 47
    Eric M.V. Hoek and Asim K. Ghosh
    5 Multifunctional Nanomaterial-Enabled Membranes for
    Water Treatment ............................................................................ 59
    Volodymyr V. Tarabara
    6 Nanofluidic Carbon Nanotube Membranes: Applications for
    Water Purification and Desalination .............................................. 77
    Olgica Bakajin, Aleksandr Noy, Francesco Fornasiero,
    Costas P. Grigoropoulos, Jason K. Holt, Jung Bin In,
    Sangil Kim,and Hyung Gyu Park
    7 Design of Advanced Membranes and Substrates for
    Water Purification and Desalination .............................................. 95
    James Economy, Jinwen Wang, and Chaoyi Ba
    viii Contents
    8 Customization and Multistage Nanofiltration Applications for
    Potable Water, Treatment, and Reuse ........................................... 107
    Curtis D. Roth, Saik Choon Poh, and Diem X. Vuong
    9 Commercialization of Nanotechnology for Removal of
    Heavy Metals in Drinking Water ................................................... 115
    Lisa Farmen
    10 U.S.–Israel Workshop on Nanotechnology for Water Purification ... 131
    Richard C. Sustich
    Part 2 Treatment and Reuse ............................................... 141
    11 Water Treatment by Dendrimer-Enhanced Filtration:
    Principles and Applications ........................................................... 143
    Mamadou S. Diallo
    12 Nanotechnology-Enabled Water Disinfection and Microbial Control:
    Merits and Limitations .................................................................. 157
    Shaily Mahendra, Qilin Li, Delina Y. Lyon,
    Lena Brunet and Pedro J.J. Alvarez
    13 Possible Applications of Fullerene Nanomaterials in
    Water Treatment and Reuse .......................................................... 167
    So-Ryong Chae, Ernest M. Hotze, and Mark R. Wiesner
    14 Nanomaterials-Enhanced Electrically Switched Ion Exchange
    Process for Water Treatment ......................................................... 179
    Yuehe Lin, Daiwon Choi, Jun Wang, and Jagan Bontha
    15 Detection and Extraction of Pesticides from Drinking
    Water Using Nanotechnologies ....................................................... 191
    T. Pradeep and Anshup
    Part 3 Remediation ............................................................... 213
    16 Nanotechnology for Contaminated Subsurface Remediation:
    Possibilities and Challenges ........................................................... 215
    Denis M. O’Carroll
    17 Nanostructured Materials for Improving Water Quality:
    Potentials and Risks ....................................................................... 233
    Marcells A. Omole, Isaac K’Owino, and Omowunmi A. Sadik
    18 Physicochemistry of Polyelectrolyte Coatings that Increase
    Stability, Mobility, and Contaminant Specificity of Reactive
    Nanoparticles Used for Groundwater Remediation ........................ 249
    Tanapon Phenrat and Gregory V. Lowry
    Contents ix
    19 Heterogeneous Catalytic Reduction for Water Purification:
    Nanoscale Effects on Catalytic Activity, Selectivity, and
    Sustainability ................................................................................. 269
    Timothy J. Strathmann, Charles J. Werth, and John R. Shapley
    20 Stabilization of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles for
    Enhanced In Situ Destruction of Chlorinated Solvents in
    Soils and Groundwater ................................................................... 281
    Feng He, Dongye Zhao, and Chris Roberts
    21 Enhanced Dechlorination of Trichloroethylene by
    Membrane-Supported Iron and Bimetallic Nanoparticles .............. 293
    S. M. C. Ritchie
    22 Synthesis of Nanostructured Bimetallic Particles in Polyligand-
    Functionalized Membranes for Remediation Applications ............. 311
    Jian Xu, Leonidas Bachas, and Dibakar Bhattacharyya
    23 Magnesium-Based Corrosion Nano-Cells for Reductive
    Transformation of Contaminants ................................................... 337
    Shirish Agarwal, Souhail R. Al-Abed, and Dionysios D. Dionysiou
    24 Water Decontamination Using Iron and Iron Oxide Nanoparticles ... 347
    Kimberly M. Cross, Yunfeng Lu, Tonghua Zheng, Jingjing Zhan,
    Gary McPherson, and Vijay John
    25 Reducing Leachability and Bioaccessibility of Toxic Metals in
    Soils, Sediments, and Solid/Hazardous Wastes Using Stabilized
    Nanoparticles ................................................................................. 365
    Yinhui Xu, Ruiqiang Liu, and Dongye Zhao
    Part 4 Sensors ....................................................................... 375
    26 Nanomaterial-Based Biosensors for Detection of Pesticides and
    Explosives ...................................................................................... 377
    Jun Wang and Yuehe Lin
    27 Advanced Nanosensors for Environmental Monitoring .................. 391
    Omowunmi A. Sadik
    28 A Colorimetric Approach to the Detection of Trace Heavy
    Metal Ions Using Nanostructured Signaling Materials ................... 417
    Yukiko Takahashi and Toshishige M. Suzuki
    29 Functional Nucleic Acid-Directed Assembly of Nanomaterials and
    Their Applications as Colorimetric and Fluorescent Sensors for Trace
    Contaminants in Water .................................................................. 427
    Debapriya Mazumdar, Juewen Liu, and Yi Lu
    x Contents
    Part 5 Societal Issues ............................................................ 447
    Introduction to Societal Issues: The Responsible Development of
    Nanotechnology for Water ............................................................. 449
    Jeremiah S. Duncan, Nora Savage, and Anita Street
    30 Nanotechnology in Water: Societal, Ethical, and Environmental
    Considerations ................................................................................ 453
    Anita Street, Jeremiah S. Duncan, and Nora Savage
    31 Competition for Water ................................................................... 463
    Jeremiah S. Duncan, Nora Savage, and Anita Street
    32 A Framework for Using Nanotechnology To Improve
    Water Quality ................................................................................. 491
    Michael E. Gorman, Ahson Wardak, Emma Fauss, and
    Nathan Swami
    33 International Governance Perspectives on Nanotechnology
    Water Innovation ........................................................................... 509
    David Rejeski and Evan S. Michelson
    34 Nanoscience and Water: Public Engagement At and Below
    the Surface ..................................................................................... 521
    David M. Berube
    35 How Can Nanotechnologies Fulfill the Needs of Developing
    Countries? ...................................................................................... 535
    David J. Grimshaw, Lawrence D. Gudza, and Jack Stilgoe
    36 Challenges to Implementing Nanotechnology Solutions to Water
    Issues in Africa ............................................................................... 551
    Mbhuti Hlophe and Thembela Hillie
    37 Life Cycle Inventory of Semiconductor Cadmium Selenide
    Quantum Dots for Environmental Applications ............................. 561
    Hatice Sengül and Thomas L. Theis
    Part 6 Outlook ...................................................................... 583
    38 Nanotechnology Solutions for Improving Water Quality ............... 585
    Mamadou S. Diallo, Jeremiah S. Duncan, Nora Savage,
    Anita Street, and Richard Sustich
    Index ..................................................................................... 589

    LinK

     
  2. albertnammas

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