المصدر: The_Lumbar_Spine: Official_Publication_of the_International_Society_for the_Study of في منتدى : كتب طبية Edition: Third 976 pages June 10, 2004 The official publication of the International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, this volume is the most authoritative and up-to-date reference on the lumbar spine. This edition provides more balance between basic science and clinical material and has been completely reorganized for easy reference. New chapters cover gene therapy, outcomes assessment, and alternatives to traditional nonoperative treatment. The editors have also added chapters on preparation for surgery, surgical approaches, spinal instrumentation, and bone grafts. Chapters on specific disorders have a consistent structure—definition, natural history, physical examination, imaging, nonoperative treatment, operative treatment, postoperative management, results of surgery, and complications.